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U.S. Becomes Third Country to Ratify WTO Trade Facilitation Pact

Posted January 29, 2015

The United States last week took the final step to implement the World Trade Organization’s (WTO) Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) by delivering a letter of acceptance to WTO Director General Roberto Azevêdo in Davos, Switzerland.  

The U.S. is the third WTO member to complete its domestic procedures along with Singapore and Hong Kong.  The TFA will enter into force once two-thirds of the WTO’s 160 members have completed their domestic legal procedures and submitted instruments of acceptance to the WTO.

The TFA aims to forge binding commitments across all WTO members to expedite the movement, release, and clearance of goods; improve cooperation among WTO members in customs matters; and help developing countries fully implement the Agreement’s terms. It is estimated that the agreement can cut trade costs by almost 15 percent for low-income countries, and by 10 percent for high-income countries, adding to reforms – and in particular the proposed Doha Round – to cut non-tariff barriers to trade on a global basis.

In a recent announcement, the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) Michael Froman noted the importance of working towards timely entry into force of the Agreement and moving quickly so that its benefits begin to flow. “The Agreement will unlock immense commercial opportunities for all developing and developed countries alike,” he said. “These benefits can only be fully realized with implementation of this Agreement. We all want to start enjoying the benefits and we hope other members will take this crucial next step as soon as possible.”

The USTR also outlined efforts underway to implement the Agreement. “We are working with developing countries to help support effective implementation of this Agreement,” Froman said. “In fact, we are already considering how to best support countries who are committed to implementation – teaming up with other governments and the private sector.”